Logo Search packages:      
Sourcecode: makefs version File versions  Download package

fs.h

/**   $MirOS: src/usr.sbin/makefs/nbsrc/sys/ufs/ffs/fs.h,v 1.4 2008/10/31 21:24:26 tg Exp $ */
/*    $NetBSD: fs.h,v 1.51 2008/07/31 08:49:47 simonb Exp $ */

/*
 * Copyright (c) 1982, 1986, 1993
 *    The Regents of the University of California.  All rights reserved.
 *
 * Redistribution and use in source and binary forms, with or without
 * modification, are permitted provided that the following conditions
 * are met:
 * 1. Redistributions of source code must retain the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer.
 * 2. Redistributions in binary form must reproduce the above copyright
 *    notice, this list of conditions and the following disclaimer in the
 *    documentation and/or other materials provided with the distribution.
 * 3. Neither the name of the University nor the names of its contributors
 *    may be used to endorse or promote products derived from this software
 *    without specific prior written permission.
 *
 * THIS SOFTWARE IS PROVIDED BY THE REGENTS AND CONTRIBUTORS ``AS IS'' AND
 * ANY EXPRESS OR IMPLIED WARRANTIES, INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, THE
 * IMPLIED WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY AND FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE
 * ARE DISCLAIMED.  IN NO EVENT SHALL THE REGENTS OR CONTRIBUTORS BE LIABLE
 * FOR ANY DIRECT, INDIRECT, INCIDENTAL, SPECIAL, EXEMPLARY, OR CONSEQUENTIAL
 * DAMAGES (INCLUDING, BUT NOT LIMITED TO, PROCUREMENT OF SUBSTITUTE GOODS
 * OR SERVICES; LOSS OF USE, DATA, OR PROFITS; OR BUSINESS INTERRUPTION)
 * HOWEVER CAUSED AND ON ANY THEORY OF LIABILITY, WHETHER IN CONTRACT, STRICT
 * LIABILITY, OR TORT (INCLUDING NEGLIGENCE OR OTHERWISE) ARISING IN ANY WAY
 * OUT OF THE USE OF THIS SOFTWARE, EVEN IF ADVISED OF THE POSSIBILITY OF
 * SUCH DAMAGE.
 *
 *    @(#)fs.h    8.13 (Berkeley) 3/21/95
 */

#ifndef     _UFS_FFS_FS_H_
#define     _UFS_FFS_FS_H_

/*
 * Each disk drive contains some number of file systems.
 * A file system consists of a number of cylinder groups.
 * Each cylinder group has inodes and data.
 *
 * A file system is described by its super-block, which in turn
 * describes the cylinder groups.  The super-block is critical
 * data and is replicated in each cylinder group to protect against
 * catastrophic loss.  This is done at `newfs' time and the critical
 * super-block data does not change, so the copies need not be
 * referenced further unless disaster strikes.
 *
 * For file system fs, the offsets of the various blocks of interest
 * are given in the super block as:
 *    [fs->fs_sblkno]         Super-block
 *    [fs->fs_cblkno]         Cylinder group block
 *    [fs->fs_iblkno]         Inode blocks
 *    [fs->fs_dblkno]         Data blocks
 * The beginning of cylinder group cg in fs, is given by
 * the ``cgbase(fs, cg)'' macro.
 *
 * Depending on the architecture and the media, the superblock may
 * reside in any one of four places. For tiny media where every block
 * counts, it is placed at the very front of the partition. Historically,
 * UFS1 placed it 8K from the front to leave room for the disk label and
 * a small bootstrap. For UFS2 it got moved to 64K from the front to leave
 * room for the disk label and a bigger bootstrap, and for really piggy
 * systems we check at 256K from the front if the first three fail. In
 * all cases the size of the superblock will be SBLOCKSIZE. All values are
 * given in byte-offset form, so they do not imply a sector size. The
 * SBLOCKSEARCH specifies the order in which the locations should be searched.
 *
 * Unfortunately the UFS2/FFSv2 change was done without adequate consideration
 * of backward compatibility.  In particular 'newfs' for a FFSv2 partition
 * must overwrite any old FFSv1 superblock at 8k, and preferrably as many
 * of the alternates as it can find - otherwise attempting to mount on a
 * system that only supports FFSv1 is likely to succeed!.
 * For a small FFSv1 filesystem, an old FFSv2 superblock can be left on
 * the disk, and a system that tries to find an FFSv2 filesystem in preference
 * to and FFSv1 one (as NetBSD does) can mount the old FFSv2 filesystem.
 * As a added bonus, the 'first alternate' superblock of a FFSv1 filesystem
 * with 64k blocks is at 64k - just where the code looks first when playing
 * 'hunt the superblock'.
 *
 * The ffsv2 superblock layout (which might contain an ffsv1 filesystem)
 * can be detected by checking for sb->fs_old_flags & FS_FLAGS_UPDATED.
 * This is the default suberblock type for NetBSD since ffsv2 support was added.
 */
#define     BBSIZE            8192
#define     BBOFF       ((off_t)(0))
#define     BBLOCK            ((daddr_t)(0))

#define     SBLOCK_FLOPPY      0
#define     SBLOCK_UFS1     8192
#define     SBLOCK_UFS2    65536
#define     SBLOCK_PIGGY  262144
#define     SBLOCKSIZE      8192
/*
 * NB: Do not, under any circumstances, look for an ffsv1 filesystem at
 * SBLOCK_UFS2.  Doing so will find the wrong superblock for filesystems
 * with a 64k block size.
 */
#define     SBLOCKSEARCH \
      { SBLOCK_UFS2, SBLOCK_UFS1, SBLOCK_FLOPPY, SBLOCK_PIGGY, -1 }

/*
 * Max number of fragments per block. This value is NOT tweakable.
 */
#define     MAXFRAG           8



/*
 * Addresses stored in inodes are capable of addressing fragments
 * of `blocks'. File system blocks of at most size MAXBSIZE can
 * be optionally broken into 2, 4, or 8 pieces, each of which is
 * addressable; these pieces may be DEV_BSIZE, or some multiple of
 * a DEV_BSIZE unit.
 *
 * Large files consist of exclusively large data blocks.  To avoid
 * undue wasted disk space, the last data block of a small file may be
 * allocated as only as many fragments of a large block as are
 * necessary.  The file system format retains only a single pointer
 * to such a fragment, which is a piece of a single large block that
 * has been divided.  The size of such a fragment is determinable from
 * information in the inode, using the ``blksize(fs, ip, lbn)'' macro.
 *
 * The file system records space availability at the fragment level;
 * to determine block availability, aligned fragments are examined.
 */

/*
 * MINBSIZE is the smallest allowable block size.
 * In order to insure that it is possible to create files of size
 * 2^32 with only two levels of indirection, MINBSIZE is set to 4096.
 * MINBSIZE must be big enough to hold a cylinder group block,
 * thus changes to (struct cg) must keep its size within MINBSIZE.
 * Note that super blocks are always of size SBSIZE,
 * and that both SBSIZE and MAXBSIZE must be >= MINBSIZE.
 */
#define     MINBSIZE    4096

/*
 * The path name on which the file system is mounted is maintained
 * in fs_fsmnt. MAXMNTLEN defines the amount of space allocated in
 * the super block for this name.
 */
#define     MAXMNTLEN   468

/*
 * The volume name for this filesystem is maintained in fs_volname.
 * MAXVOLLEN defines the length of the buffer allocated.
 * This space used to be part of of fs_fsmnt.
 */
#define     MAXVOLLEN   32

/*
 * There is a 128-byte region in the superblock reserved for in-core
 * pointers to summary information. Originally this included an array
 * of pointers to blocks of struct csum; now there are just four
 * pointers and the remaining space is padded with fs_ocsp[].
 * NOCSPTRS determines the size of this padding. One pointer (fs_csp)
 * is taken away to point to a contiguous array of struct csum for
 * all cylinder groups; a second (fs_maxcluster) points to an array
 * of cluster sizes that is computed as cylinder groups are inspected;
 * the third (fs_contigdirs) points to an array that tracks the
 * creation of new directories; and the fourth (fs_active) is used
 * by snapshots.
 */
#define     NOCSPTRS    ((128 / sizeof(void *)) - 4)

/*
 * A summary of contiguous blocks of various sizes is maintained
 * in each cylinder group. Normally this is set by the initial
 * value of fs_maxcontig. To conserve space, a maximum summary size
 * is set by FS_MAXCONTIG.
 */
#define     FS_MAXCONTIG      16

/*
 * The maximum number of snapshot nodes that can be associated
 * with each filesystem. This limit affects only the number of
 * snapshot files that can be recorded within the superblock so
 * that they can be found when the filesystem is mounted. However,
 * maintaining too many will slow the filesystem performance, so
 * having this limit is a good idea.
 */
#define     FSMAXSNAP 20

/*
 * Used to identify special blocks in snapshots:
 *
 * BLK_NOCOPY - A block that was unallocated at the time the snapshot
 *      was taken, hence does not need to be copied when written.
 * BLK_SNAP - A block held by another snapshot that is not needed by this
 *      snapshot. When the other snapshot is freed, the BLK_SNAP entries
 *      are converted to BLK_NOCOPY. These are needed to allow fsck to
 *      identify blocks that are in use by other snapshots (which are
 *      expunged from this snapshot).
 */
#define     BLK_NOCOPY  ((daddr_t)(1))
#define     BLK_SNAP    ((daddr_t)(2))

/*
 * MINFREE gives the minimum acceptable percentage of file system
 * blocks which may be free. If the freelist drops below this level
 * only the superuser may continue to allocate blocks. This may
 * be set to 0 if no reserve of free blocks is deemed necessary,
 * however throughput drops by fifty percent if the file system
 * is run at between 95% and 100% full; thus the minimum default
 * value of fs_minfree is 5%. However, to get good clustering
 * performance, 10% is a better choice. This value is used only
 * when creating a file system and can be overriden from the
 * command line. By default we choose to optimize for time.
 */
#define     MINFREE           5
#define     DEFAULTOPT  FS_OPTTIME

/*
 * Grigoriy Orlov <gluk@ptci.ru> has done some extensive work to fine
 * tune the layout preferences for directories within a filesystem.
 * His algorithm can be tuned by adjusting the following parameters
 * which tell the system the average file size and the average number
 * of files per directory. These defaults are well selected for typical
 * filesystems, but may need to be tuned for odd cases like filesystems
 * being used for squid caches or news spools.
 */
#define     AVFILESIZ   16384 /* expected average file size */
#define     AFPDIR            64    /* expected number of files per directory */

/*
 * Per cylinder group information; summarized in blocks allocated
 * from first cylinder group data blocks.  These blocks have to be
 * read in from fs_csaddr (size fs_cssize) in addition to the
 * super block.
 */
struct csum {
      int32_t     cs_ndir;          /* number of directories */
      int32_t     cs_nbfree;        /* number of free blocks */
      int32_t     cs_nifree;        /* number of free inodes */
      int32_t     cs_nffree;        /* number of free frags */
};

struct csum_total {
      int64_t cs_ndir;        /* number of directories */
      int64_t cs_nbfree;            /* number of free blocks */
      int64_t cs_nifree;            /* number of free inodes */
      int64_t cs_nffree;            /* number of free frags */
      int64_t cs_spare[4];          /* future expansion */
};


/*
 * Super block for an FFS file system in memory.
 */
struct fs {
      int32_t      fs_firstfield;         /* historic file system linked list, */
      int32_t      fs_unused_1;           /*     used for incore super blocks */
      int32_t  fs_sblkno;           /* addr of super-block in filesys */
      int32_t  fs_cblkno;           /* offset of cyl-block in filesys */
      int32_t  fs_iblkno;           /* offset of inode-blocks in filesys */
      int32_t  fs_dblkno;           /* offset of first data after cg */
      int32_t      fs_old_cgoffset; /* cylinder group offset in cylinder */
      int32_t      fs_old_cgmask;         /* used to calc mod fs_ntrak */
      int32_t      fs_old_time;           /* last time written */
      int32_t      fs_old_size;           /* number of blocks in fs */
      int32_t      fs_old_dsize;          /* number of data blocks in fs */
      int32_t      fs_ncg;          /* number of cylinder groups */
      int32_t      fs_bsize;        /* size of basic blocks in fs */
      int32_t      fs_fsize;        /* size of frag blocks in fs */
      int32_t      fs_frag;         /* number of frags in a block in fs */
/* these are configuration parameters */
      int32_t      fs_minfree;            /* minimum percentage of free blocks */
      int32_t      fs_old_rotdelay; /* num of ms for optimal next block */
      int32_t      fs_old_rps;            /* disk revolutions per second */
/* these fields can be computed from the others */
      int32_t      fs_bmask;        /* ``blkoff'' calc of blk offsets */
      int32_t      fs_fmask;        /* ``fragoff'' calc of frag offsets */
      int32_t      fs_bshift;       /* ``lblkno'' calc of logical blkno */
      int32_t      fs_fshift;       /* ``numfrags'' calc number of frags */
/* these are configuration parameters */
      int32_t      fs_maxcontig;          /* max number of contiguous blks */
      int32_t      fs_maxbpg;       /* max number of blks per cyl group */
/* these fields can be computed from the others */
      int32_t      fs_fragshift;          /* block to frag shift */
      int32_t      fs_fsbtodb;            /* fsbtodb and dbtofsb shift constant */
      int32_t      fs_sbsize;       /* actual size of super block */
      int32_t      fs_spare1[2];          /* old fs_csmask */
                              /* old fs_csshift */
      int32_t      fs_nindir;       /* value of NINDIR */
      int32_t      fs_inopb;        /* value of INOPB */
      int32_t      fs_old_nspf;           /* value of NSPF */
/* yet another configuration parameter */
      int32_t      fs_optim;        /* optimization preference, see below */
/* these fields are derived from the hardware */
      int32_t      fs_old_npsect;         /* # sectors/track including spares */
      int32_t      fs_old_interleave;     /* hardware sector interleave */
      int32_t      fs_old_trackskew;      /* sector 0 skew, per track */
/* fs_id takes the space of the unused fs_headswitch and fs_trkseek fields */
      int32_t      fs_id[2];        /* unique file system id */
/* sizes determined by number of cylinder groups and their sizes */
      int32_t  fs_old_csaddr;       /* blk addr of cyl grp summary area */
      int32_t      fs_cssize;       /* size of cyl grp summary area */
      int32_t      fs_cgsize;       /* cylinder group size */
/* these fields are derived from the hardware */
      int32_t      fs_spare2;       /* old fs_ntrak */
      int32_t      fs_old_nsect;          /* sectors per track */
      int32_t      fs_old_spc;            /* sectors per cylinder */
      int32_t      fs_old_ncyl;           /* cylinders in file system */
      int32_t      fs_old_cpg;            /* cylinders per group */
      int32_t      fs_ipg;          /* inodes per group */
      int32_t      fs_fpg;          /* blocks per group * fs_frag */
/* this data must be re-computed after crashes */
      struct      csum fs_old_cstotal;    /* cylinder summary information */
/* these fields are cleared at mount time */
      int8_t       fs_fmod;         /* super block modified flag */
      uint8_t      fs_clean;        /* file system is clean flag */
      int8_t       fs_ronly;        /* mounted read-only flag */
      uint8_t      fs_old_flags;          /* see FS_ flags below */
      u_char       fs_fsmnt[MAXMNTLEN];   /* name mounted on */
      u_char   fs_volname[MAXVOLLEN];     /* volume name */
      uint64_t fs_swuid;            /* system-wide uid */
      int32_t      fs_pad;
/* these fields retain the current block allocation info */
      int32_t      fs_cgrotor;            /* last cg searched (UNUSED) */
      void  *fs_ocsp[NOCSPTRS];     /* padding; was list of fs_cs buffers */
      u_int8_t *fs_contigdirs;      /* # of contiguously allocated dirs */
      struct csum *fs_csp;          /* cg summary info buffer for fs_cs */
      int32_t     *fs_maxcluster;         /* max cluster in each cyl group */
      u_char      *fs_active;       /* used by snapshots to track fs */
      int32_t      fs_old_cpc;            /* cyl per cycle in postbl */
/* this area is otherwise allocated unless fs_old_flags & FS_FLAGS_UPDATED */
      int32_t      fs_maxbsize;           /* maximum blocking factor permitted */
      uint8_t      fs_journal_version;    /* journal format version */
      uint8_t      fs_journal_location;   /* journal location type */
      uint8_t      fs_journal_reserved[2];/* reserved for future use */
      uint32_t fs_journal_flags;    /* journal flags */
      uint64_t fs_journallocs[4];   /* location info for journal */
      int64_t      fs_sparecon64[12];     /* reserved for future use */
      int64_t      fs_sblockloc;          /* byte offset of standard superblock */
      struct      csum_total fs_cstotal;  /* cylinder summary information */
      int64_t  fs_time;       /* last time written */
      int64_t      fs_size;         /* number of blocks in fs */
      int64_t      fs_dsize;        /* number of data blocks in fs */
      int64_t  fs_csaddr;           /* blk addr of cyl grp summary area */
      int64_t      fs_pendingblocks;      /* blocks in process of being freed */
      int32_t      fs_pendinginodes;      /* inodes in process of being freed */
      int32_t      fs_snapinum[FSMAXSNAP];/* list of snapshot inode numbers */
/* back to stuff that has been around a while */
      int32_t      fs_avgfilesize;  /* expected average file size */
      int32_t      fs_avgfpdir;           /* expected # of files per directory */
      int32_t      fs_save_cgsize;  /* save real cg size to use fs_bsize */
      int32_t      fs_sparecon32[26];     /* reserved for future constants */
      uint32_t fs_flags;            /* see FS_ flags below */
/* back to stuff that has been around a while (again) */
      int32_t      fs_contigsumsize;      /* size of cluster summary array */
      int32_t      fs_maxsymlinklen;      /* max length of an internal symlink */
      int32_t      fs_old_inodefmt; /* format of on-disk inodes */
      u_int64_t fs_maxfilesize;     /* maximum representable file size */
      int64_t      fs_qbmask;       /* ~fs_bmask for use with 64-bit size */
      int64_t      fs_qfmask;       /* ~fs_fmask for use with 64-bit size */
      int32_t      fs_state;        /* validate fs_clean field (UNUSED) */
      int32_t      fs_old_postblformat;   /* format of positional layout tables */
      int32_t      fs_old_nrpos;          /* number of rotational positions */
      int32_t  fs_spare5[2];        /* old fs_postbloff */
                              /* old fs_rotbloff */
      int32_t      fs_magic;        /* magic number */
};

#define     fs_old_postbloff  fs_spare5[0]
#define     fs_old_rotbloff         fs_spare5[1]
#define     fs_old_postbl_start     fs_maxbsize
#define     fs_old_headswitch fs_id[0]
#define     fs_old_trkseek    fs_id[1]
#define     fs_old_csmask     fs_spare1[0]
#define     fs_old_csshift    fs_spare1[1]

#define     FS_42POSTBLFMT          -1    /* 4.2BSD rotational table format */
#define     FS_DYNAMICPOSTBLFMT     1     /* dynamic rotational table format */

#define     old_fs_postbl(fs_, cylno, opostblsave) \
    ((((fs_)->fs_old_postblformat == FS_42POSTBLFMT) || \
     ((fs_)->fs_old_postbloff == offsetof(struct fs, fs_old_postbl_start))) \
    ? ((int16_t *)(opostblsave) + (cylno) * (fs_)->fs_old_nrpos) \
    : ((int16_t *)((uint8_t *)(fs_) + \
      (fs_)->fs_old_postbloff) + (cylno) * (fs_)->fs_old_nrpos))
#define     old_fs_rotbl(fs) \
    (((fs)->fs_old_postblformat == FS_42POSTBLFMT) \
    ? ((uint8_t *)(&(fs)->fs_magic+1)) \
    : ((uint8_t *)((uint8_t *)(fs) + (fs)->fs_old_rotbloff)))

/*
 * File system identification
 */
#define     FS_UFS1_MAGIC     0x011954    /* UFS1 fast file system magic number */
#define     FS_UFS2_MAGIC     0x19540119  /* UFS2 fast file system magic number */
#define     FS_UFS1_MAGIC_SWAPPED   0x54190100
#define     FS_UFS2_MAGIC_SWAPPED   0x19015419
#define     FS_OKAY           0x7c269d38  /* superblock checksum */
#define     FS_42INODEFMT     -1          /* 4.2BSD inode format */
#define     FS_44INODEFMT     2           /* 4.4BSD inode format */

/*
 * File system clean flags
 */
#define     FS_ISCLEAN  0x01
#define     FS_WASCLEAN 0x02

/*
 * Preference for optimization.
 */
#define     FS_OPTTIME  0     /* minimize allocation time */
#define     FS_OPTSPACE 1     /* minimize disk fragmentation */

/*
 * File system flags
 */
#define     FS_UNCLEAN  0x001 /* file system not clean at mount (unused) */
#define     FS_DOSOFTDEP      0x002 /* file system using soft dependencies */
#define     FS_NEEDSFSCK      0x004 /* needs sync fsck (FreeBSD compat, unused) */
#define     FS_INDEXDIRS      0x008 /* kernel supports indexed directories */
#define     FS_ACLS           0x010 /* file system has ACLs enabled */
#define     FS_MULTILABEL     0x020 /* file system is MAC multi-label */
#define     FS_FLAGS_UPDATED 0x80   /* flags have been moved to new location */
#define     FS_DOWAPBL  0x100 /* Write ahead physical block logging */

/* File system flags that are ok for NetBSD if set in fs_flags */
#define     FS_KNOWN_FLAGS    (FS_DOSOFTDEP | FS_DOWAPBL)

/*
 * File system internal flags, also in fs_flags.
 * (Pick highest number to avoid conflicts with others)
 */
#define     FS_SWAPPED  0x80000000  /* file system is endian swapped */
#define     FS_INTERNAL 0x80000000  /* mask for internal flags */

/*
 * Macros to access bits in the fs_active array.
 */
#define     ACTIVECG_SET(fs, cg)                      \
      do {                                \
            if ((fs)->fs_active != NULL)        \
                  setbit((fs)->fs_active, (cg));      \
      } while (/*CONSTCOND*/ 0)
#define     ACTIVECG_CLR(fs, cg)                      \
      do {                                \
            if ((fs)->fs_active != NULL)        \
                  clrbit((fs)->fs_active, (cg));      \
      } while (/*CONSTCOND*/ 0)
#define     ACTIVECG_ISSET(fs, cg)                    \
      ((fs)->fs_active != NULL && isset((fs)->fs_active, (cg)))

/*
 * The size of a cylinder group is calculated by CGSIZE. The maximum size
 * is limited by the fact that cylinder groups are at most one block.
 * Its size is derived from the size of the maps maintained in the
 * cylinder group and the (struct cg) size.
 */
#define     CGSIZE_IF(fs, ipg, fpg) \
    /* base cg */ (sizeof(struct cg) + sizeof(int32_t) + \
    /* old btotoff */   (fs)->fs_old_cpg * sizeof(int32_t) + \
    /* old boff */      (fs)->fs_old_cpg * sizeof(u_int16_t) + \
    /* inode map */     howmany((ipg), NBBY) + \
    /* block map */     howmany((fpg), NBBY) +\
    /* if present */    ((fs)->fs_contigsumsize <= 0 ? 0 : \
    /* cluster sum */   (fs)->fs_contigsumsize * sizeof(int32_t) + \
    /* cluster map */   howmany(fragstoblks(fs, (fpg)), NBBY)))

#define     CGSIZE(fs) CGSIZE_IF((fs), (fs)->fs_ipg, (fs)->fs_fpg)

/*
 * The minimal number of cylinder groups that should be created.
 */
#define     MINCYLGRPS  4


/*
 * Convert cylinder group to base address of its global summary info.
 */
#define     fs_cs(fs, indx)   fs_csp[indx]

/*
 * Cylinder group block for a file system.
 */
#define     CG_MAGIC    0x090255
struct cg {
      int32_t      cg_firstfield;         /* historic cyl groups linked list */
      int32_t      cg_magic;        /* magic number */
      int32_t      cg_old_time;           /* time last written */
      int32_t      cg_cgx;          /* we are the cgx'th cylinder group */
      int16_t      cg_old_ncyl;           /* number of cyl's this cg */
      int16_t      cg_old_niblk;          /* number of inode blocks this cg */
      int32_t      cg_ndblk;        /* number of data blocks this cg */
      struct      csum cg_cs;       /* cylinder summary information */
      int32_t      cg_rotor;        /* position of last used block */
      int32_t      cg_frotor;       /* position of last used frag */
      int32_t      cg_irotor;       /* position of last used inode */
      int32_t      cg_frsum[MAXFRAG];     /* counts of available frags */
      int32_t      cg_old_btotoff;  /* (int32) block totals per cylinder */
      int32_t      cg_old_boff;           /* (u_int16) free block positions */
      int32_t      cg_iusedoff;           /* (u_int8) used inode map */
      int32_t      cg_freeoff;            /* (u_int8) free block map */
      int32_t      cg_nextfreeoff;  /* (u_int8) next available space */
      int32_t      cg_clustersumoff;      /* (u_int32) counts of avail clusters */
      int32_t      cg_clusteroff;         /* (u_int8) free cluster map */
      int32_t      cg_nclusterblks; /* number of clusters this cg */
      int32_t  cg_niblk;            /* number of inode blocks this cg */
      int32_t  cg_initediblk;       /* last initialized inode */
      int32_t      cg_sparecon32[3];      /* reserved for future use */
      int64_t  cg_time;       /* time last written */
      int64_t  cg_sparecon64[3];    /* reserved for future use */
      u_int8_t cg_space[1];         /* space for cylinder group maps */
/* actually longer */
};

/*
 * The following structure is defined
 * for compatibility with old file systems.
 */
struct ocg {
      int32_t  cg_firstfield;       /* historic linked list of cyl groups */
      int32_t  cg_unused_1;         /*     used for incore cyl groups */
      int32_t  cg_time;       /* time last written */
      int32_t  cg_cgx;        /* we are the cgx'th cylinder group */
      int16_t  cg_ncyl;       /* number of cyl's this cg */
      int16_t  cg_niblk;            /* number of inode blocks this cg */
      int32_t  cg_ndblk;            /* number of data blocks this cg */
      struct  csum cg_cs;           /* cylinder summary information */
      int32_t  cg_rotor;            /* position of last used block */
      int32_t  cg_frotor;           /* position of last used frag */
      int32_t  cg_irotor;           /* position of last used inode */
      int32_t  cg_frsum[8];         /* counts of available frags */
      int32_t  cg_btot[32];         /* block totals per cylinder */
      int16_t  cg_b[32][8];         /* positions of free blocks */
      u_int8_t cg_iused[256];       /* used inode map */
      int32_t  cg_magic;            /* magic number */
      u_int8_t cg_free[1];          /* free block map */
/* actually longer */
};


/*
 * Macros for access to cylinder group array structures.
 */
#define     old_cg_blktot_old(cgp, ns) \
    (((struct ocg *)(cgp))->cg_btot)
#define     old_cg_blks_old(fs, cgp, cylno, ns) \
    (((struct ocg *)(cgp))->cg_b[cylno])

#define     old_cg_blktot_new(cgp, ns) \
    ((int32_t *)((u_int8_t *)(cgp) + \
      ufs_rw32((cgp)->cg_old_btotoff, (ns))))
#define     old_cg_blks_new(fs, cgp, cylno, ns) \
    ((int16_t *)((u_int8_t *)(cgp) + \
      ufs_rw32((cgp)->cg_old_boff, (ns))) + (cylno) * (fs)->fs_old_nrpos)

#define     old_cg_blktot(cgp, ns) \
    ((ufs_rw32((cgp)->cg_magic, (ns)) != CG_MAGIC) ? \
      old_cg_blktot_old(cgp, ns) : old_cg_blktot_new(cgp, ns))
#define     old_cg_blks(fs, cgp, cylno, ns) \
    ((ufs_rw32((cgp)->cg_magic, (ns)) != CG_MAGIC) ? \
      old_cg_blks_old(fs, cgp, cylno, ns) : old_cg_blks_new(fs, cgp, cylno, ns))

#define     cg_inosused_new(cgp, ns) \
    ((u_int8_t *)((u_int8_t *)(cgp) + \
      ufs_rw32((cgp)->cg_iusedoff, (ns))))
#define     cg_blksfree_new(cgp, ns) \
    ((u_int8_t *)((u_int8_t *)(cgp) + \
      ufs_rw32((cgp)->cg_freeoff, (ns))))
#define     cg_chkmagic_new(cgp, ns) \
    (ufs_rw32((cgp)->cg_magic, (ns)) == CG_MAGIC)

#define     cg_inosused_old(cgp, ns) \
    (((struct ocg *)(cgp))->cg_iused)
#define     cg_blksfree_old(cgp, ns) \
    (((struct ocg *)(cgp))->cg_free)
#define     cg_chkmagic_old(cgp, ns) \
    (ufs_rw32(((struct ocg *)(cgp))->cg_magic, (ns)) == CG_MAGIC)

#define     cg_inosused(cgp, ns) \
    ((ufs_rw32((cgp)->cg_magic, (ns)) != CG_MAGIC) ? \
      cg_inosused_old(cgp, ns) : cg_inosused_new(cgp, ns))
#define     cg_blksfree(cgp, ns) \
    ((ufs_rw32((cgp)->cg_magic, (ns)) != CG_MAGIC) ? \
      cg_blksfree_old(cgp, ns) : cg_blksfree_new(cgp, ns))
#define     cg_chkmagic(cgp, ns) \
    (cg_chkmagic_new(cgp, ns) || cg_chkmagic_old(cgp, ns))

#define     cg_clustersfree(cgp, ns) \
    ((u_int8_t *)((u_int8_t *)(cgp) + \
      ufs_rw32((cgp)->cg_clusteroff, (ns))))
#define     cg_clustersum(cgp, ns) \
    ((int32_t *)((u_int8_t *)(cgp) + \
      ufs_rw32((cgp)->cg_clustersumoff, (ns))))


/*
 * Turn file system block numbers into disk block addresses.
 * This maps file system blocks to device size blocks.
 */
#define     fsbtodb(fs, b)    ((b) << (fs)->fs_fsbtodb)
#define     dbtofsb(fs, b)    ((b) >> (fs)->fs_fsbtodb)

/*
 * Cylinder group macros to locate things in cylinder groups.
 * They calc file system addresses of cylinder group data structures.
 */
#define     cgbase(fs, c)     (((daddr_t)(fs)->fs_fpg) * (c))
#define     cgstart_ufs1(fs, c) \
    (cgbase(fs, c) + (fs)->fs_old_cgoffset * ((c) & ~((fs)->fs_old_cgmask)))
#define     cgstart_ufs2(fs, c) cgbase((fs), (c))
#define     cgstart(fs, c) ((fs)->fs_magic == FS_UFS2_MAGIC \
                      ? cgstart_ufs2((fs), (c)) : cgstart_ufs1((fs), (c)))
#define     cgdmin(fs, c)     (cgstart(fs, c) + (fs)->fs_dblkno)  /* 1st data */
#define     cgimin(fs, c)     (cgstart(fs, c) + (fs)->fs_iblkno)  /* inode blk */
#define     cgsblock(fs, c)   (cgstart(fs, c) + (fs)->fs_sblkno)  /* super blk */
#define     cgtod(fs, c)      (cgstart(fs, c) + (fs)->fs_cblkno)  /* cg block */

/*
 * Macros for handling inode numbers:
 *     inode number to file system block offset.
 *     inode number to cylinder group number.
 *     inode number to file system block address.
 */
#define     ino_to_cg(fs, x)  ((x) / (fs)->fs_ipg)
#define     ino_to_fsba(fs, x)                                    \
      ((daddr_t)(cgimin(fs, ino_to_cg(fs, x)) +             \
          (blkstofrags((fs), (((x) % (fs)->fs_ipg) / INOPB(fs))))))
#define     ino_to_fsbo(fs, x)      ((x) % INOPB(fs))

/*
 * Give cylinder group number for a file system block.
 * Give cylinder group block number for a file system block.
 */
#define     dtog(fs, d) ((d) / (fs)->fs_fpg)
#define     dtogd(fs, d)      ((d) % (fs)->fs_fpg)

/*
 * Extract the bits for a block from a map.
 * Compute the cylinder and rotational position of a cyl block addr.
 */
#define     blkmap(fs, map, loc) \
    (((map)[(loc) / NBBY] >> ((loc) % NBBY)) & (0xff >> (NBBY - (fs)->fs_frag)))
#define     old_cbtocylno(fs, bno) \
    (fsbtodb(fs, bno) / (fs)->fs_old_spc)
#define     old_cbtorpos(fs, bno) \
    ((fs)->fs_old_nrpos <= 1 ? 0 : \
     (fsbtodb(fs, bno) % (fs)->fs_old_spc / (fs)->fs_old_nsect * (fs)->fs_old_trackskew + \
      fsbtodb(fs, bno) % (fs)->fs_old_spc % (fs)->fs_old_nsect * (fs)->fs_old_interleave) % \
     (fs)->fs_old_nsect * (fs)->fs_old_nrpos / (fs)->fs_old_npsect)

/*
 * The following macros optimize certain frequently calculated
 * quantities by using shifts and masks in place of divisions
 * modulos and multiplications.
 */
#define     blkoff(fs, loc)         /* calculates (loc % fs->fs_bsize) */ \
      ((loc) & (fs)->fs_qbmask)
#define     fragoff(fs, loc)  /* calculates (loc % fs->fs_fsize) */ \
      ((loc) & (fs)->fs_qfmask)
#define     lfragtosize(fs, frag)   /* calculates ((off_t)frag * fs->fs_fsize) */ \
      (((off_t)(frag)) << (fs)->fs_fshift)
#define     lblktosize(fs, blk)     /* calculates ((off_t)blk * fs->fs_bsize) */ \
      (((off_t)(blk)) << (fs)->fs_bshift)
#define     lblkno(fs, loc)         /* calculates (loc / fs->fs_bsize) */ \
      ((loc) >> (fs)->fs_bshift)
#define     numfrags(fs, loc) /* calculates (loc / fs->fs_fsize) */ \
      ((loc) >> (fs)->fs_fshift)
#define     blkroundup(fs, size)    /* calculates roundup(size, fs->fs_bsize) */ \
      (((size) + (fs)->fs_qbmask) & (fs)->fs_bmask)
#define     fragroundup(fs, size)   /* calculates roundup(size, fs->fs_fsize) */ \
      (((size) + (fs)->fs_qfmask) & (fs)->fs_fmask)
#define     fragstoblks(fs, frags)  /* calculates (frags / fs->fs_frag) */ \
      ((frags) >> (fs)->fs_fragshift)
#define     blkstofrags(fs, blks)   /* calculates (blks * fs->fs_frag) */ \
      ((blks) << (fs)->fs_fragshift)
#define     fragnum(fs, fsb)  /* calculates (fsb % fs->fs_frag) */ \
      ((fsb) & ((fs)->fs_frag - 1))
#define     blknum(fs, fsb)         /* calculates rounddown(fsb, fs->fs_frag) */ \
      ((fsb) &~ ((fs)->fs_frag - 1))

/*
 * Determine the number of available frags given a
 * percentage to hold in reserve.
 */
#define     freespace(fs, percentreserved) \
      (blkstofrags((fs), (fs)->fs_cstotal.cs_nbfree) + \
      (fs)->fs_cstotal.cs_nffree - \
      (((off_t)((fs)->fs_dsize)) * (percentreserved) / 100))

/*
 * Determining the size of a file block in the file system.
 */
#define     blksize(fs, ip, lbn) \
      (((lbn) >= NDADDR || (off_t)(ip)->i_size >= lblktosize(fs, (lbn) + 1)) \
          ? (int32_t)(fs)->fs_bsize \
          : (int32_t)(fragroundup(fs, blkoff(fs, (ip)->i_size))))

#define     sblksize(fs, size, lbn) \
      (((lbn) >= NDADDR || (size) >= ((lbn) + 1) << (fs)->fs_bshift) \
        ? (fs)->fs_bsize \
        : (fragroundup(fs, blkoff(fs, (size)))))


/*
 * Number of inodes in a secondary storage block/fragment.
 */
#define     INOPB(fs)   ((fs)->fs_inopb)
#define     INOPF(fs)   ((fs)->fs_inopb >> (fs)->fs_fragshift)

/*
 * Number of indirects in a file system block.
 */
#define     NINDIR(fs)  ((fs)->fs_nindir)

/*
 * Apple UFS Label:
 *  We check for this to decide to use APPLEUFS_DIRBLKSIZ
 */
#define     APPLEUFS_LABEL_MAGIC          0x4c41424c /* LABL */
#define     APPLEUFS_LABEL_SIZE           1024
#define     APPLEUFS_LABEL_OFFSET   (BBSIZE - APPLEUFS_LABEL_SIZE) /* located at 7k */
#define     APPLEUFS_LABEL_VERSION  1
#define     APPLEUFS_MAX_LABEL_NAME 512

struct appleufslabel {
      u_int32_t   ul_magic;
      u_int16_t   ul_checksum;
      u_int16_t   ul_unused0;
      u_int32_t   ul_version;
      u_int32_t   ul_time;
      u_int16_t   ul_namelen;
      u_char      ul_name[APPLEUFS_MAX_LABEL_NAME]; /* Warning: may not be null terminated */
      u_int16_t   ul_unused1;
      u_int64_t   ul_uuid;    /* Note this is only 4 byte aligned */
      u_char      ul_reserved[24];
      u_char      ul_unused[460];
} __packed;


#endif /* !_UFS_FFS_FS_H_ */

Generated by  Doxygen 1.6.0   Back to index